The '''Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company''', commonly referred to as the '''Perpetual Emigration Fund''' ('''PEF'''), was a corporation established by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
(LDS Church) in 1849. The purpose of the corporation was to provide economic assistance to more than 30,000 individuals who sought to emigrate to the Salt Lake Valley
and surrounding regions.
The PEF used both church assets and private contributions to aid impoverished converts to the LDS faith when they moved west. As funds were limited, converts seeking aid were ranked by their useful skills and by the duration of their membership in the church. Limits on funds led to innovative preparations and travel methods, including the establishment of Mormon handcart pioneers|handcart companies
, to reduce expenses. Once established in their new homes, the converts were expected to repay the funds to the company in cash, commodities, or labor, with minor interest, so others...